|Quercetin, a bioflavonoid, protects against oxidative stress-related renal dysfunction by cyclosporine in rats|
Satyanarayana, P.S.V., Singh, D., Chopra, K.
|Nephrotoxicity is the most common and clinically important side effect of cyclosporine (CsA). Recent evidence suggests that reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in CsA nephrotoxicity. This study was designed to demonstrate the role of oxidative stress and its relation to renal dysfunction and to investigate the effects of quercetin, a bioflavonoid with antioxidant properties, in CsA-induced nephrotoxicity. Quercetin (0.5 and 2.0 mg/kg i.p.) was administered 24 h before and concurrently with CsA (20 mg/kg s.c.) for 21 days. Tissue lipid peroxidation was measured as thiobarbituric acid reacting substances (TBARS). Renal function was assessed by estimating plasma creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine and urea clearance. Renal morphological alterations were assessed histopathologically. Pretreatment with CsA (20 mg/kg s.c) for 21 days produced elevated levels of TBARS and deteriorated renal function as assessed by increased plasma creatinine, BUN and decreased creatinine and urea clearance as compared to vehicle-treated rats. The kidneys of CsA-treated rats showed severe striped interstitial fibrosis, arteriopathy, glomerular basement thickening, tubular vacuolization and hyaline casts. Quercetin (2 mg/kg) markedly reduced elevated levels of TBARS and significantly attenuated renal dysfunction and morphological changes in CsA-treated rats. It is likely that quercetin, due to its antioxidant properties, prevented CsA-induced ROS and consequently CsA nephrotoxicity. These results clearly demonstrate the pivotal role of oxidative stress and its relation to renal dysfunction, and also point to the therapeutic potential of the natural antioxidant quercetin in CsA-induced nephrotoxicity.|
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