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Methods and Findings
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Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol 1998, 20(2): 99
ISSN 0379-0355
Copyright 1998 Clarivate
CCC: 0379-0355
DOI: 10.1358/mf.1998.20.2.485637
Effects of certain resorcinol derivatives on the tyrosinase activity and the growth of melanoma cells
Tasaka, K., Kamei, C., Nakano, S., Takeuchi, Y., Yamato, M.
Effects of certain resorcinol derivatives on tyrosinase activity, melanin formation and some other biological activities were studied in order to develop a new, potent depigmentor and/or antimelanoma drug. NKO-09, having isopentyl group in position 6 of resorcinol, exhibited a more potent effect than the compounds which have methyl (NKO-10), ethyl (NKO-11), hexyl (KOM-14), octyl (NKO-14), decyl (NKO-19), dodecyl (NKO-15) and tetradecyl (NKO-16) group in inhibiting the tyrosinase activities (both tyrosine hydroxylation and dopa oxidation). NKO-09 was more potent than hydroquinone in inhibiting the tyrosine hydroxylation; furthermore, NKO-09 inhibited the dopa oxidation different from hydroquinone. In the studies on melanin formation, protein synthesis and the growth of the melanoma cells, NKO-09 caused the most potent effect among the test compounds, except for the growth of the melanoma cells. KOM-14 was more potent than NKO-09 in the antimelanoma activity, and its effect was superior than that of 5-fluorouracil. From these findings, it is suggested that NKO-09 and KOM-14 can be used as an efficacious depigmentor and antimelanoma drug, respectively.

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