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Methods and Findings
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Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol 2010, 32(9): 663
ISSN 0379-0355
Copyright 2010 Clarivate Analytics
CCC: 0379-0355
DOI: 10.1358/mf.2010.32.9.1529826
Effect of AT1 receptor antagonist losartan on diurnal variation of pain threshold in spontaneously hypertensive rats
Pechlivanova, D., Markova, P., Stoynev, A.
Angiotensin (AT) II plays a key role in the regulation of blood pressure and water-salt balance and modulates nociception. Peptides based on AT influence central functions through the activation of AT₁, AT₂ or AT₄ receptors. The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of AT₁ receptors in diurnal variation in nociception in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Male Wistar rats (16 weeks old) and SHR were caged individually and exposed to light from 08:00 to 20:00 h. The tail cuff method for noninvasive measurement of arterial blood pressure (ABP), paw pressure test for the determination of pain threshold and rotarod test to study motor coordination were used. Chronic treatment was administered to the SHR with the AT₁ receptor antagonist losartan (10 mg/kg/day, s.c.) for 14 days. Spontaneously hypertensive rats showed lower pain threshold and smaller day-night variations of nociception as compared to Wistar rats. Chronic losartan decreased the ABP and produced an inverted diurnal pattern of nociception in SHR, increasing the pain threshold at 03:00 h. Neither strain differences nor changes in motor coordination after losartan treatment were observed in SHR. Our results suggest that SHR have disturbances in diurnal variation in nociception and that the AT₁ receptor plays a role in the regulation of the circadian rhythm of mechanical pain threshold in SHR.

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