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Methods and Findings
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Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol 2010, 32(10): 707
ISSN 0379-0355
Copyright 2010 Clarivate Analytics
CCC: 0379-0355
DOI: 10.1358/mf.2010.32.10.1516692
Evaluation of antinociceptive effects of Galipea longiflora alkaloid extract and major alkaloid 2-phenylquinoline
Campos-Buzzi, F., Fracasso, M., Clasen, B.K., Ticona, J.C., Gimenez, A., Cechinel-Filho, V.
The present study evaluated the antinociceptive properties of an alkaloid extract and 2-phenylquinoline obtained from the bark of Galipea longiflora Krause (Rutaceae) against different models of pain in mice. The results demonstrate that the alkaloid extract caused a pronounced antinociceptive effect with the main alkaloid detected, 2-phenylquinoline, exhibiting moderate activity. The alkaloid extract had a calculated ID50 value of 20.3 mg/kg i.p. and less than 50 mg/kg p.o. against the writhing test which proved to be more effective than the reference drugs when administered by both routes. The ID50 of 2-phenylquinoline was 52.8 mg/kg i.p. with an inhibition of 24.5% when administered orally at 100 mg/kg. In the formalin test the alkaloid extract, but not 2-phenylquinoline, significantly inhibited both phases of pain (neurogenic and inflammatory) at 10 mg/kg i.p. with inhibitions of 37.4% and 58.3%, respectively. The alkaloid extract and 2-phenylquinoline caused only a modest effect in the capsaicin and glutamate tests. In the hot plate test, the alkaloid extract increased the latency time by 25.6% at 10 mg/kg i.p. compared to 2-phenylquinoline which was less effective. It appears that the antinociceptive effects of this plant may be attributed, at least in part, to the presence of some antinociceptive alkaloids in minor concentrations.

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