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Methods and Findings
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Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol 2010, 32(1): 39
ISSN 0379-0355
Copyright 2010 Clarivate Analytics
CCC: 0379-0355
DOI: 10.1358/mf.2010.32.1.1423885
Clinical and microbiological efficacy of prulifloxacin for the treatment of chronic bacterial prostatitis due to chlamydia trachomatis infection: Results from a prospective, randomized and open-label study
Cai, T.
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of a 14-day course of prulifloxacin 600 mg with standard antibiotic therapy for the treatment of chronic prostatitis due to Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) infection. All patients with clinical and instrumental diagnosis of bacterial chronic prostatitis (CP) due to Ct infection were enrolled. After randomization, all patients were administered oral prulifloxacin 600 mg once daily for 14 days or doxycycline 100 mg orally twice daily for 21 days. At enrollment and 30 days after beginning treatment, all patients underwent microbiological cultures for uropathogens bacteria and yeasts, DNA extraction and mucosal IgA evaluation for Ct diagnosis, seminal plasma IL-8 evaluation and serum IgA and IgG anti-Ct analysis. The National Institutes of Health - Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) was given to each patient. A total of 109 patients received prulifloxacin and 102 received standard therapy. Prulifloxacin had clinical efficacy rates equivalent to standard therapy (82.5% vs. 79.9%) (P = 0.08) and showed superior microbiological efficacy rates compared to standard therapy, in terms of decreasing mucosal IgA (P < 0.001) and IL-8 levels (P < 0.001). Prulifloxacin was also equivalent to standard therapy for clinical success, as demonstrated by a decrease in the number of patients affected by CP due to Ct infection.

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